How to Care for Tomato Plants

How to Care for Tomato Plants


How to Care for Tomato Plants

Caring for tomato plants is easier than caring for other fruit plants. However, we must have knowledge about these tomatoes so that tomato plants can be taken care of properly. What is especially important to understand is the lack of tomato plants, among others;

 

  • Tomatoes do not grow optimally outside the weather between 22°C - 29°C.
  • Tomatoes require high light intensity, at least 10-12 hours per day.
  • It's easy to get sick when the weather doesn't suit you
  • Tomato plants are really prone to the risk of oxygen deficiency
  • Not strong in puddles

 

In addition to these important factors, it is important to pay attention to the treatment because it will determine the level of production and the production age of tomato plants. Following are the activities of caring for tomato plants:

 

Stitching

Replanting plays a role in replacing plants that fail to grow, either sick or collapsed because of the weather. Stitching is done after one week of implanted tomatoes. remove plants that look unhealthy (yellow/withered) or die. exchange with the remaining seeds of seeding.

 

Weeding

Weeding in tomato cultivation is generally carried out 3-4 times throughout the growing season. in planting areas that are covered with mulch weeding can be more and more rare. weeding has the aim of carrying weeds in the planting area. weed development will disturb the plants, because the plants have to compete in obtaining nutrients. besides that weeds invite pests and diseases that can attack certain plants

 

Cutting

Cutting the tomato plants is carried out every week. Cutting shoots that grow in the axils of leaves must be done immediately so they don't grow into stalks. Cutting young shoots can be done by hand. but if the stalk is too hard, you should use a knife or scissors. To adjust the height of the tomato plants, the ends of the plants can be cut. Pruning the tip of the plant is done after the number of clusters of fruit around 5-7 is visible.

 

Additional Fertilization

In organic tomato cultivation, spray liquid organic fertilizer that has a high potassium content when the plants are about to flower and bear fruit (generative stage). Spraying can be carried out every week. must be a concern, liquid organic fertilizer must be diluted first, 1 liter of liquid fertilizer with 100 liters of water. it is important to note, the focus of liquid organic fertilizer should not exceed 2%. In addition, we can add manure or compost after the plants are 2-3 weeks old with a handful per plant.

 

Placement Of Stakes/Sticks

The placement of stakes has a purpose as a place to tie plants so they don't collapse. stakes are made of bamboo 1-1.5 meters away. stakes are stuck at a distance of about 10-20 cm from the plant. The stake can be left standing upright independently or the ends can be tied with other fringes set aside. end binding is useful for strengthening the stake position.

 

Stake placement should be as early as possible to prevent injury to plant roots due to manufacture. small plants have roots that have not spread anywhere so that the possibility of embedded roots can be minimized. if there is injury to the root caused by a needle stick it can hinder development and cause disease.

 

Stake placement is carried out after the plant height is about 10-15 cm. tie the tomato plants with plastic straps on the lenght. The bonding pattern should be in the form of a number 8 so that the tomato stalks are not injured due to contact with the stake. the bond should not be too strong so as not to hinder the enlargement of the stalk. Then, each plant grows 20 cm tall. Tie the plant stems with plastic rope to the stake.

 

Control Of Pests And Diseases

Control of pests and diseases as one of the special aspects in the cultivation of tomato plants. Pest and disease attacks can reduce crop productivity or even result in plant death. some pests that often attack tomato plants. The types can be in the form of caterpillars, fleas and flies. and tomato plant diseases can take the form of wilting, rot, bacterial and viral attacks.

More : Advantages and Benefits Of Rubbing Tomato On Face 


Pests and diseases in tomato cultivation cannot be eradicated by relying on pesticides alone. because the benefits of pesticides are only temporary and short term. the rest of the attacks of pests and diseases are still coming and are likely to become more resistant. increasing the amount of pesticides used may be efficient but will cause adverse environmental effects and increase production costs. if you have to use pesticides, you should change the brand with different active ingredients.

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